Formation of stones or calculations in the gallbladder – Cholelithiasis

Gallstones or the formation of stones or stones in the gallbladder – Cholelithiasis, are residues of cholesterol and calcium crystals that are not well assimilated within the gallbladder, generating small lithiasis or small stones.

Causes:

Having a poor diet and being overweight or diabetic increase the risk of presenting the first symptoms of lazy gallbladder.

The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ measuring only 5cm, a small size to cause great pain and colic caused by digesting foods that are difficult to metabolize.

The gallbladder contains bile juice or bile that has the function of synthesizing cholesterol, fats and vitamins from food.

Why do stones or calculi form in the gallbladder?:

Lithiasis or small stones are usually formed by concentrating the bile juice elements not assimilated by excess cholesterol and calcium, you can lead a normal life if you do not have colic because when the lithiasis are very small they tend to get stuck in the bile ducts that go to the small intestine, this produces strong colic and with a lot of pain.

Symptoms and some characteristics of gallstones:

If the stones get stuck in the bile ducts, it is called; choledocholithiasis.

There is a risk of cancer when the formation of stones or calculi in the gallbladder are more than one centimeter in size.

There is a strong rejection of foods rich in fat, indigestion problems can occur, such as heartburn, belching, and abdominal dyspepsia.

Bad digestions such as constipation or a weak stomach.

Nausea, vomiting and dizziness, in some cases tiredness and very sleepy after meals.

In most cases, cases of peptic ulcer can occur.

There is severe pain in the upper abdomen, just below the right rib.

Yellow skin, jaundice and irritable and nervous character.

Treatments:

  • There are pharmacological drugs that promote the drainage of bile juice, which can give results in the first phase when it is only in bile sludge, but they rarely help if the stones are already solidified.
  • The treatment to put an end to the condition is only with surgery, which is the removal of the gallbladder, these can have two types of procedures depending on the case: the first laparoscopy technique: the gallbladder is removed and the recovery is fast because only a few small drainage cuts are made and to introduce the camera and the second is the traditional open abdominal surgery, which for some exceptional reason the gastroenterologist will ask to perform because they are no longer very frequent due to the convalescence and rest time of the open wound and the sequelae that can occur when the area heals.

Prevention:

Women are more likely to have gallstones than men, especially starting in adulthood due to hormonal changes, since there is a link to good fat metabolism.

Stress and worries are factors that can trigger hormone levels and unbalance our hormones.

Avoid excessively fatty foods, and if we add to this the consumption of ice-cold sugary drinks, they can present future gallbladder problems.

Drink a lot of water and avoid obesity, walk, run or practice some sport.

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